The cultivation of embryos is an integral part of the in vitro fertilisation programme. After obtaining the eggs and spermatozoa, an embryologist conducts standard fertilisation – IVF or IVF ICSI – sperm injection into the cytoplasm of the egg. After fertilisation, the egg begins to exhibit the same processes as when the embryo development is carried out in a woman's body without the use of assisted reproductive technology.
After natural conception, the embryo's cells produce the necessary enzymes themselves; the female's body environment where the embryo is located has a positive effect on the development of the embryo prior to implantation, i.e. getting into the uterine cavity and attaching in it.
In the case of IVF, the embryo develops in the embryological laboratory supported in the special mediums with characteristics meeting and even surpassing the environment surrounding it in a woman's body. Every stage of the development and growth is controlled by an embryologist.
The basic cultivation of embryos at MAMA Riga Clinic is the maintenance of vital activity of the embryos in special mediums, consisting of a unique complex of nutritional substances, contributing to the proper development of the embryo. They stimulate the protective functions of the embryo's cells while increasing its life potential and the frequency of pregnancy by 10-15%.
In some cases, we recommend a prolonged cultivation of embryos up to the blastocyst stage within 3-5 days, because the prolonged cultivation of embryos has its benefits in cases of complex reproductive situation in a couple, and when it is necessary to carry out pre-implantation genetic diagnostics of embryos (PGD).
Your fertility specialist will decide which cultivation of embryos is the best for your family based on many factors: your age, the reproductive system's condition, causes of infertility, and genetic status of your couple. The final decision on the choice of the embryo cultivation system shall always be made by future parents.
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