Karyotyping is a genetic examination No. 1 worldwide. It is a cytogenetic examination of chromosome complement set (karyotype) in humans, which allows to detect changes in the quantity and quality of the chromosomes by performing a blood test. A karyotype is the chromosomal characteristic of species represented by a certain amount and morphology of chromosomes. The standard human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes (23 pairs): 22 pairs of autosomes and 1 pair of allosomes (XX or XY). In short, a standard female karyotype is designated as 46, XX, while a standard male karyotype is designated as 46, XY.
Chromosomal pathology may not manifest itself in your life. For many men and women, karyotype disruptions become a total surprise. Identification of pathology provides an opportunity to overcome the difficulties it leads to.
MAMA Riga Clinic recommends passing the karyotype examination to all the men and women planning to become parents, regardless of whether you need specialised treatment or not.
You should undergo karyotyping, if:
Karyotyping is a chromosome analysis of lymphocytes in the blood. At MAMA RIGA Clinic, the karyotype analysis with aberrations (intrachromosomal and interchromosomal rearrangements) is performed by a cytogenetic method using a combination of differentiated and monochrome staining of chromosomes. This allows to perform a detailed cytogenetic examination: determine the number and structure of chromosomes and identify possible rearrangements — translocations, inversions, insertions, duplications, deletions, trisomies, monosomies.
Karyotyping also allows us to assess the following risks:
Karyotyping is a high-tech opportunity to know what prevents you from getting pregnant, carry and give birth to a healthy baby, but most importantly it gives insight on how to successfully overcome the existing issues. Modern reproductive medicine allows to prevent pathological pregnancy through in vitro fertilisation techniques and pre-implantation genetic diagnostics.
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