Intrauterine/Artificial insemination is one of the methods of assisted reproductive technology, where only the active spermatozoa prepared in the nutritious environment and washed free of the protein allergens are used for fertilisation. The physician introduces sperm through the cervix directly into the woman's uterine cavity using a special thin catheter.
After the introduction of sperm, normally the same processes should take place as during natural fertilisation: spermatozoa meet the egg and one of them impregnates it, then the fertilised cell moves inside the uterine tubes, enters the uterus and implants (fixes itself) in it.
Artificial insemination is a relatively simple technique of achieving pregnancy. However, with the cervical factor of infertility intrauterine insemination typically yields good results among women under 30, having patency of both fallopian tubes and with no ovulation difficulties. The mild forms of male infertility can also be overcome with the help of artificial insemination, provided that the future mother also has all the above characteristics.
Artificial insemination can help you in the following cases:
The efficiency of artificial insemination depends on the causes of infertility in couples, age, general health status of a woman and the quality of sperm used for insemination. The average frequency of pregnancy through intrauterine insemination is up to 20%.
Stages of artificial insemination with partner's sperm
We recommend and safely carry out intrauterine insemination with the sperm of a spouse/partner. In our clinic, it is possible to perform artificial insemination both during a natural cycle - without the use of ovulation stimulation in women - and using a controlled gentle activation of the ovaries. The decision about the necessity of ovulation stimulation shall be made by your consultant physician.
In order to perform insemination, we prefer to use sperm pre-treated by our embryologists. Before carrying out artificial insemination, the embryologist treats ejaculate with special mediums; in some cases, microscopic examination of the sperm's quality may be performed in order to choose individual male germ cells promising for fertilisation.
Insemination in MAMA Riga Clinic may be performed using the untreated sperm of a husband, collected on the same day the procedure is scheduled on, provided that the results of spermogram and related examinations have yielded positive results, no spermatozoa pathology is identified and no suspected genetic disease is present. Intrauterine insemination in MAMA Riga Clinic is also possible using defrosted cryopreserved sperm.
МАМА Riga Clinic is doing everything possible to increase statistics of successful treatments. However, insemination in MAMA Riga Clinic leads to long-awaited pregnancy only in up to 40% of the cases.
If the treatment utilising the method of artificial insemination yields no results for 3-4 cycles, the МАМА Riga Clinic's specialists recommend IVF. IVF allows applying a significantly larger number of methods for achieving a successful pregnancy and giving birth to a healthy baby in your family.
By choosing from IVF and insemination, you should understand that these are fundamentally different techniques, and the decision regarding their use is the sole competence of the physician basing on the results of the examination of your couple, analysis of your medical history, your reproductive and overall health, your age and the many related factors.
IVF is recognised as the most effective method of overcoming infertility in the world. Currently, more than 5,000,000 babies were given birth thanks to IVF. If your physician recommends IVF to your family instead of insemination, it is worthwhile to accept this proposal. The sooner future parents enlist into IVF protocol, the higher the probability is of early pregnancy and the birth of your long-awaited baby!
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