Diagnostic laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical diagnostic technique that allows to diagnose some conditions of organs of the small pelvis, as well as perform a biopsy of cells for further research in order to identify oncologic diseases in the early stages and eliminate the risk of their development. Laparoscopic method involves the introduction of optical laparoscope into the abdominal wall, and to do this the surgeon must make 5-7 mm incisions. Laparoscopy may be performed using general or local anaesthesia depending on the medical indications, capabilities of the centre where laparoscopy can be made, and in some cases the wishes of the woman.
During therapeutic laparoscopy, the surgeon-gynaecologist may also perform treatment of pelvic organs like separating adhesions, cutting out a cyst, and other manipulations.
Indications for laparoscopy
The main tasks of diagnostic laparoscopy are to confirm a preliminary diagnosis and create an optimal treatment programme in order to overcome a certain condition of organs of the small pelvis. Only your consultant physician may advise laparoscopy, based on the existing results of past ultrasound and endoscopic examinations. Laparoscopic method allows to examine the organs of a woman's reproductive system, which are otherwise unavailable during the vaginal examination procedures. Laparoscopy is indispensable in diagnosing the following conditions:
unexplained pain of unknown origin in the pelvic organs' area;
congenital abnormalities of the uterus;
monitoring and evaluation of conducted gynaecological treatment;
necessary biopsy of uterus and ovaries;
neoplasms of the ovary and endometrium;
obturation in the fallopian tubes;
adhesive processes in the organs of the small pelvis;
Preparation for laparoscopy is a standard examination prior to surgical intervention, which includes clinical and biochemical blood tests, determination of blood group and Rh factor, urinalysis, ultrasound examination of the organs of the small pelvis, gynaecological swabs and ECG.
Laparoscopy at MAMA Riga Clinic
Though minimally invasive, laparoscopy is still a surgical manipulation that may be performed solely in the operating room fully equipped for conducting the examination by laparoscopy and monitoring state of the patient under anaesthesia.
MAMA Clinic in Riga provides a full range of services for diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy. Here you can find expert-class equipment, experienced surgeons and anaesthesiologists, as well as a comfortable day-patient facility where a woman can be admitted for the postoperative period.